Ceremony to celebrate the new house of the Gie Trieng people

10.18.1

A strong young man holding a spear chased and stabbed the tied sacred buffalo.

According to Mr. Phan Thanh Bang, Head of the Cultural Heritage Department (Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Kon Tum province), the Gie Trieng people previously had a nomadic life. When they find a place to establish a new village, they usually stay for about 5-7 farming seasons. After the land was depleted, they went looking for new land to establish a village. The first thing when establishing a new village is to find a place to build a Rong house. Each Gie Trieng village usually has 25-30 roofs. After performing the ceremony to worship Giang, they joined hands to build the Rong house, the big house of their community, a place to gather relatives, to discuss business and resolve all community problems.

When the Rong house was completed, all families joined together to build houses for the villagers, from the village head’s house, to families with positions in the village, then to the lonely people and widows who had no means. build your own house… When all the houses are completed, the Gie Trieng people hold a ceremony to celebrate the new Rong house.

The celebration of the new Rong house of the Gie Trieng people in Kon Tum begins with very small tasks: Women go to the stream to catch fish, pick wild vegetables…, boys go to the forest to hunt to get food for the ceremony. Welcome to the new Rong house. The festive space to celebrate the new Rong house of the Gie Trieng people must always include a bamboo tree and then a buffalo.

Young men with skillful and talented hands will be chosen by the village elders to go into the forest to cut trees to make offerings to Giang. Before leaving, the young man Gie Trieng had to go to the Rong’s house to sleep for 3 days and 3 nights, then go down to the stream to wash and clean before going into the forest to cut down trees to make bamboo trees.

It can be said that the neem tree is like a synthetic work of art, in which all elements from painting, sculpture, traditional crafts converge… The heavy branches symbolize a bountiful harvest, statues Displaying rice flowers and corn laden with seeds. The main tree rising straight to the sky symbolizes the path to heaven, conveying the offerings of the ceremony master, the offerings of the village elders, and the prayers of the people to the gods in heaven to wish for a fulfilling life. happy, no wars or epidemics, next season’s business always yields more rice than the previous season; Buffaloes, cows, pigs, and chickens always lie on the floor. There are no wars or epidemics in the village…

Along with the neem tree, the buffalo is also a very meaningful animal to the Gie Trieng people. If for the Kinh people, the buffalo is the beginning of their inheritance, then for the Gie Trieng people, the buffalo has even more meaning, it is a close friend, it is their sacred animal. Because the Gie Trieng people follow polytheism, the buffalo is a sacred object to worship Giang, a substitute for their lives to pray to the gods for a healthy village, so they love the buffalo very much. That’s why, in the celebration of the new Rong house, the buffalo stabbing ceremony is indispensable.

A very special ritual before the buffalo stabbing ceremony is the “buffalo crying” ceremony. When the previous day’s sun had set, the buffalo was tied to the tree trunk, and people in the village organized to play gongs and cry for the buffalo all night long. They thanked the buffalo for its hard work, sacrifice, and pain for them as a sacrifice to worship Giang, to pray for their villagers to be healthy and prosperous… After a night of playing gongs and dancing sing with the buffalo, lament with the buffalo, confide in the buffalo, pray for the buffalo to help them… until the buffalo stabbing ceremony.

The next day, before conducting the buffalo stabbing ceremony, the village elder will perform the ritual so that the buffalo becomes a sacred buffalo, becoming a sacrifice to worship Giang of the Gie Trieng people. They put colorful flower clusters into the buffalo horns. After the ceremony was completed, the people in the village cheered and the boys danced and beat gongs around the tree and the buffalo. The women dance together in simple but extremely lively rustic dances that demonstrate the productive labor movements of the Gie Trieng people, from weeding rice, sowing seeds, repelling pests that damage crops to The movements represent inviting guests to come play and celebrate with them… When the festival participants seem to have a spiritual connection with the gods, they become sublime, the boys’ gong beats become more and more exciting, bustling, the girls also changed from the sinus dance to the extremely powerful Bong rok dance… According to the assignment of the village elder, a strong young man in the village took a spear to chase and stab the tied sacred buffalo. . After a few symbolic spear stabs, the villagers took the buffalo to slaughter, and the buffalo meat was divided equally among all the villagers, everyone had a share for good luck.

When the Buffalo Stabbing Festival ended, everyone was invited to the Rong house, played gongs, danced the Bong rok dance, drank sacred wine… to celebrate the new village, new home, and an upcoming bumper harvest.

Ha Lam

According to baotintuc.vn

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