Around Chu Mom Ray peak

Many people know that in Kon Tum province, Ngok Linh mountain is the second highest peak in Vietnam. However, every time visitors come from far away to Kon Tum city, look to the west, towards the border with Cambodia, they see a tall mountain peak covered with clouds and dreamy smoke, they often ask the local people, is that true? Ngok Linh mountain (?).

 

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At the foot of Chu Mom Ray is a diverse and beautiful ecosystem. Photo: Tue Lam

Please tell me, it is Chu Mom Ray peak, 1,773m high, in Sa Thay district. Mom Ray Mountain is located in the residential area of ​​Ja-rai people, so “mountain” is called “chu”; And they also have a beautiful, humane and moral legend about this mountain. The story goes (of course there are some variations): Once upon a time, there were two twin sisters, orphans, who loved each other very much. One day, the older sister went to the forest to look for mushrooms to contribute to the upcoming village festival, while the younger sister stayed at home weaving cloth. Before leaving, she told me to keep an eye on the fabric drying in the yard. When I came back from the forest, I couldn’t see the fabric fibers anymore. When I asked her, she said she was busy weaving and forgot to pay attention so she didn’t know where the fabric fibers had gone!…

After searching forever and not finding anything, she suspected that I was using my own yarn to weave. The sisters exchanged words. She got angry and yelled at me to leave the house. I felt extremely unjust. I didn’t know how to explain to her so she could understand my sincerity. While the villagers were busy with the festival, no one noticed, so I quietly walked out of the village. I kept going, going, going, through I don’t know how many days and nights. At the end of her strength and exhaustion, she stopped on a high hill and collapsed to death.

The next day, the village held a festival, the offering was a large bison caught by the village. When slaughtering a cow, people take out from its entrails a bunch of undigested fabric fibers. When the older sister saw it, she suddenly realized that the cow was the culprit who ate her fabric, not her cheating brother! She was extremely regretful, so she quickly left the village festival to find you. I don’t know how many mountains, hills, and rivers I’ve crossed but I still can’t find you. As she walked, she howled her sister’s name until her voice was hoarse. The wild birds imitated their calls, making their sounds echo throughout the mountains and forests. The older sister kept walking and walking and got lost on a high hill. That’s when she was exhausted and collapsed on a strange rock.

Suddenly she heard a voice echoing from the stone: “Sister! I didn’t steal your fabric!” She exclaimed: “I know! I know! Please forgive me and come home with me! Having finished speaking, she stopped breathing and turned into a second stone slab on top of the other stone slab. The wild birds followed the call from everywhere and flew to land on two rocks, calling loudly. And, it seemed that they also knew the heartbreaking story full of love between the two sisters, so every day the birds diligently dug up soil and built up two stone slabs to make a grave, which over time became a high mountain. Ja-rai people around the area call it Chu Mom Ray – Brocade Mountain. Some people also call it Chu Nang Pray.

Mr. Vu Trong Kim, former General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Vietnam Fatherland Front, when he was still Secretary of the Sa Thay District Party Committee, was moved by the ancient story and the majestic and wild beauty of this border region. poem: “You came to visit my hometown/ Overcoming many mountains and hills/ Amidst vast forests/ Majestic Chu Nang Pray/ Mountains tied with pink clouds/ Looking like a princess/ Weaving silk/ In the ancient poem accumulation…”.

Although nearly 30 kilometers away as the crow flies, when the sky is clear and the clouds are clear, standing in Kon Tum city, we can easily see the majestic Chu Mom Ray peak, but it is often obscured by a mountain. The mist looks very magical and poetic. Therefore, this mountain is also a source of inspiration for many writers and artists when they come to the border area of ​​Sa Thay.

A vast area surrounding the foot of this mountain is Chu Mom Ray National Park stretching across Sa Thay and Ngoc Hoi districts, bordering Virachay National Park, Stung Treng Province (Cambodia) and Southeast Ghong Conservation Area. , Atop province (Laos). The park was established under Decision No. 103/2002/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister dated July 30, 2002, converting Chu Mom Ray Conservation Area into a National Park. In 2004, the Garden was recognized as a Southeast Asian Heritage.

The mountain system here has peaks ranging from 285m to 1,800m high. In addition to Chu Mom Ray, there is also Ngoc Win peak 1,480m high, Chu Do peak 1,145m… traces of a legend about the establishment of plei pla (villages). ) ethnic people around the region since ancient times… The uneven mountainous terrain here also creates waterfalls over 100m high, such as the 7-storey Nang Tien waterfall… It is from the waterfalls and small streams here is the source of the famous Sa Thay River during the resistance war against the US to save the country.

The ecosystem surrounding the foot of the mountain includes 12 forest types (according to silvicultural terms). In particular, there is the 16,772km2 Ia Boc grassland, a beautiful valley with a source of salty mineral water, so ungulates often gather here to drink water on dim moonlit nights, causing many people to waste money. the effort of stalking, watching, filming, and taking photos.

The flora here has been determined to have over 1,494 species, some species are in the Vietnam and world Red Books. The fauna has also identified over 620 species, including: 111 species of mammals, 370 species of birds, 20 species of freshwater fish, and 57 species of insects. Among them, there are 114 especially rare species in the Red Book. According to a French survey in 1920 and many remaining documents, plus oral traditions of people around the area, there may have been gray cows (bossauveli) here, but they are now extinct. (This evokes an association: Is it possible that the shape of today’s Mom Ray peak that looks like a cow’s hump facing the southwest border is the embodiment of the gray cow that ate the fabric in the past, to save give this world a beautiful legend?).

This large border area is also home to many ethnic groups such as Ja-rai, Romam, Ka-dong… so it is very rich in folk cultural forms, making ethnographic researchers, Sociology… often looks to fieldwork.

Standing in the center of Sa Thay town, in the late afternoon, when the shadow of Mom Ray mountain tilts over everything, I suddenly feel my heart aroused with endless emotions about a mountainous region.